Primary Care Physician Perspectives on Caring for Adult Survivors of Hematologic Malignancies and Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation

Shylaja Mani, Nandita Khera, Lisa Rybicki, Naimisha Marneni, Hetty Carraway, Halle Moore, Helen Whited, Navneet S. Majhail

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Primary care physicians (PCPs) may face barriers to caring for hematologic malignancy and hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) survivors. Methods: A Web-based survey consisting of 40 questions and 2 case scenarios was administered to 302 PCPs at 2 large integrated health care systems. The questionnaire assessed perceived barriers to delivery of care to hematologic malignancy/HCT survivors, resources available to care for cancer survivors, practices for care coordination with hematologist-oncologists, and preferred models of care delivery. Results: Overall response rate was 30% (n = 86). PCPs reported several barriers such as lack of resources to facilitate care (69%), lack of awareness of screening/prevention guidelines (55%) and psychosocial needs of survivors (65%), inadequate time (65%), and patient preference to follow up with their oncologists (66%). They expressed confidence in caring for general medical issues (84%) and general cancer screening (73%), but they preferred that oncologists manage cancer-related medical issues (42%) as well as screen for cancer recurrence (52%) and secondary cancers (55%). In multivariable analysis, PCPs who had previously cared for a large number of hematologic malignancy/HCT survivors and those with a longer time since graduation from medical school had greater confidence in managing cancer-related medical issues. Conclusion: PCPs report several barriers in providing care to hematologic malignancy/HCT survivors. Clinical experience with this patient population is associated with greater confidence in providing survivorship care. Several barriers identified by PCPs in providing survivorship care to hematologic malignancy/HCT survivors are potentially addressable by education and clinical decision support tools and guidelines, thereby enhancing the patients’ clinical experience and care coordination with hematologist-oncologists.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)70-77
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Lymphoma, Myeloma and Leukemia
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2020

Keywords

  • Cancer survivor
  • Care delivery
  • Late complications
  • Models of care
  • Provider education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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