Primary appendiceal mucinous adenocarcinoma in two first-degree relatives: Case report and review

Adrianne R. Racek, Kari G. Rabe, Myra J. Wick, Apostolos Psychogios, Noralane M. Lindor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Carcinomas of the appendix are exceedingly rare tumors and have an annual age-adjusted incidence of around 0.4 cases per 100,000. Appendiceal adenocarcinoma accounts for < 0.5% of all gastrointestinal neoplasms and, of these, mucinous adenocarcinomas account for the majority. Published accounts of familial instances of primary appendiceal tumors are strikingly rare. We report two siblings who both developed primary mucinous adenocarcinomas. A genetics evaluation was conducted to determine if there was a recognizable underlying single gene disorder; no DNA mismatch repair defect was evident, and no other diagnosis was apparent. A review of appendiceal cancers seen at Mayo Clinic from l997 to the present was conducted to search for additional familial cases. Among 316 cases of primary appendiceal cancer of any histologic type, this sib pair was the only family reporting a second affected family member. The occurrence of appendiceal cancer in siblings may represent a random occurrence. An exceedingly rare predisposition syndrome cannot be ruled out.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1
JournalHereditary Cancer in Clinical Practice
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 4 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Genetics(clinical)

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