Purpose of Review: The paucity of effective therapeutic interventions in patients with the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) combined with overwhelming evidence on the importance of timely implementation of effective therapies to critically ill patients has resulted in a recent shift in ARDS research. Increasingly, efforts are being directed toward early identification of patients at risk with a goal of prevention and early treatment, prior to development of the fully established syndrome. The focus of the present review is on the prevention of ARDS in patients without this condition at the time of their healthcare encounter. Recent Findings: The primary thematic categories presented in the present review article include early identification of patients at risk of developing ARDS, optimization of care delivery and its impact on the incidence of ARDS, pharmacological prevention of ARDS, prevention of postoperative ARDS, and challenges and opportunities with ARDS prevention studies. Summary: Recent improvements in clinical care delivery have been associated with a decrease in the incidence of hospital-acquired ARDS. Despite the initial challenges, research in ARDS prevention has become increasingly feasible with several randomized controlled trials on ARDS prevention completed or on the way.
- acute respiratory distress syndrome
- quality improvement
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine