Prevalence of cardiometabolic risk factors in hispanics living with HIV

Farah A. Ramírez-Marrero, Eilyn De Jesuś, Jorge Santana-Bagur, Robert Hunter, Walter Frontera, Michael Joseph Joyner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and antiretroviral treatment are associated with metabolic and cardiovascular complications that resemble metabolic syndrome (MetS) and potentially increase the risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease in this population. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of MetS and its individual components among Hispanics living with HIV in Puerto Rico. Methods: Data from 909 clinical records were extracted and the prevalence of MetS determined using the NCEP-ATPIII criteria. Fisher's exact test was used to detect sex differences, and logistic regression to examine the effect of age, sex, smoking, years of HIV infection, antiretroviral therapy, and Hepatitis C coinfection. Results: The prevalence of MetS in our study group (35.4%) was higher than previously reported in the United States, but not higher than in the general population in Puerto Rico. Females had a higher prevalence of MetS (44.2%) than males (30.5%); mostly explained by high body mass index and waist circumference. Age and sex were associated with the presence of MetS. Conclusion: Understanding ethnic and sex differences in the prevalence of metabolic risk factors is essential for the implementation of specific targeted interventions to prevent subsequent vascular morbidity and mortality in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)423-428
Number of pages6
JournalEthnicity and Disease
Volume20
Issue number4
StatePublished - Sep 2010

Fingerprint

Hispanic Americans
HIV
Puerto Rico
Virus Diseases
Sex Characteristics
Population
Waist Circumference
Hepatitis C
Coinfection
Blood Vessels
Body Mass Index
Cardiovascular Diseases
Logistic Models
Smoking
Morbidity
Mortality
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Hispanics
  • HIV
  • Metabolic syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Ramírez-Marrero, F. A., De Jesuś, E., Santana-Bagur, J., Hunter, R., Frontera, W., & Joyner, M. J. (2010). Prevalence of cardiometabolic risk factors in hispanics living with HIV. Ethnicity and Disease, 20(4), 423-428.

Prevalence of cardiometabolic risk factors in hispanics living with HIV. / Ramírez-Marrero, Farah A.; De Jesuś, Eilyn; Santana-Bagur, Jorge; Hunter, Robert; Frontera, Walter; Joyner, Michael Joseph.

In: Ethnicity and Disease, Vol. 20, No. 4, 09.2010, p. 423-428.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ramírez-Marrero, FA, De Jesuś, E, Santana-Bagur, J, Hunter, R, Frontera, W & Joyner, MJ 2010, 'Prevalence of cardiometabolic risk factors in hispanics living with HIV', Ethnicity and Disease, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 423-428.
Ramírez-Marrero FA, De Jesuś E, Santana-Bagur J, Hunter R, Frontera W, Joyner MJ. Prevalence of cardiometabolic risk factors in hispanics living with HIV. Ethnicity and Disease. 2010 Sep;20(4):423-428.
Ramírez-Marrero, Farah A. ; De Jesuś, Eilyn ; Santana-Bagur, Jorge ; Hunter, Robert ; Frontera, Walter ; Joyner, Michael Joseph. / Prevalence of cardiometabolic risk factors in hispanics living with HIV. In: Ethnicity and Disease. 2010 ; Vol. 20, No. 4. pp. 423-428.
@article{3095392b0064446a8cb25ead838b0f56,
title = "Prevalence of cardiometabolic risk factors in hispanics living with HIV",
abstract = "Objective: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and antiretroviral treatment are associated with metabolic and cardiovascular complications that resemble metabolic syndrome (MetS) and potentially increase the risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease in this population. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of MetS and its individual components among Hispanics living with HIV in Puerto Rico. Methods: Data from 909 clinical records were extracted and the prevalence of MetS determined using the NCEP-ATPIII criteria. Fisher's exact test was used to detect sex differences, and logistic regression to examine the effect of age, sex, smoking, years of HIV infection, antiretroviral therapy, and Hepatitis C coinfection. Results: The prevalence of MetS in our study group (35.4{\%}) was higher than previously reported in the United States, but not higher than in the general population in Puerto Rico. Females had a higher prevalence of MetS (44.2{\%}) than males (30.5{\%}); mostly explained by high body mass index and waist circumference. Age and sex were associated with the presence of MetS. Conclusion: Understanding ethnic and sex differences in the prevalence of metabolic risk factors is essential for the implementation of specific targeted interventions to prevent subsequent vascular morbidity and mortality in this population.",
keywords = "Hispanics, HIV, Metabolic syndrome",
author = "Ram{\'i}rez-Marrero, {Farah A.} and {De Jesuś}, Eilyn and Jorge Santana-Bagur and Robert Hunter and Walter Frontera and Joyner, {Michael Joseph}",
year = "2010",
month = "9",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "20",
pages = "423--428",
journal = "Ethnicity and Disease",
issn = "1049-510X",
publisher = "ISHIB",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prevalence of cardiometabolic risk factors in hispanics living with HIV

AU - Ramírez-Marrero, Farah A.

AU - De Jesuś, Eilyn

AU - Santana-Bagur, Jorge

AU - Hunter, Robert

AU - Frontera, Walter

AU - Joyner, Michael Joseph

PY - 2010/9

Y1 - 2010/9

N2 - Objective: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and antiretroviral treatment are associated with metabolic and cardiovascular complications that resemble metabolic syndrome (MetS) and potentially increase the risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease in this population. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of MetS and its individual components among Hispanics living with HIV in Puerto Rico. Methods: Data from 909 clinical records were extracted and the prevalence of MetS determined using the NCEP-ATPIII criteria. Fisher's exact test was used to detect sex differences, and logistic regression to examine the effect of age, sex, smoking, years of HIV infection, antiretroviral therapy, and Hepatitis C coinfection. Results: The prevalence of MetS in our study group (35.4%) was higher than previously reported in the United States, but not higher than in the general population in Puerto Rico. Females had a higher prevalence of MetS (44.2%) than males (30.5%); mostly explained by high body mass index and waist circumference. Age and sex were associated with the presence of MetS. Conclusion: Understanding ethnic and sex differences in the prevalence of metabolic risk factors is essential for the implementation of specific targeted interventions to prevent subsequent vascular morbidity and mortality in this population.

AB - Objective: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and antiretroviral treatment are associated with metabolic and cardiovascular complications that resemble metabolic syndrome (MetS) and potentially increase the risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease in this population. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of MetS and its individual components among Hispanics living with HIV in Puerto Rico. Methods: Data from 909 clinical records were extracted and the prevalence of MetS determined using the NCEP-ATPIII criteria. Fisher's exact test was used to detect sex differences, and logistic regression to examine the effect of age, sex, smoking, years of HIV infection, antiretroviral therapy, and Hepatitis C coinfection. Results: The prevalence of MetS in our study group (35.4%) was higher than previously reported in the United States, but not higher than in the general population in Puerto Rico. Females had a higher prevalence of MetS (44.2%) than males (30.5%); mostly explained by high body mass index and waist circumference. Age and sex were associated with the presence of MetS. Conclusion: Understanding ethnic and sex differences in the prevalence of metabolic risk factors is essential for the implementation of specific targeted interventions to prevent subsequent vascular morbidity and mortality in this population.

KW - Hispanics

KW - HIV

KW - Metabolic syndrome

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79952684012&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79952684012&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 20

SP - 423

EP - 428

JO - Ethnicity and Disease

JF - Ethnicity and Disease

SN - 1049-510X

IS - 4

ER -