Prevalence of alcohol use disorders among American surgeons

Michael R. Oreskovich, Krista L. Kaups, Charles M. Balch, John B. Hanks, Daniel Satele, Jeff A Sloan, Charles Meredith, Amanda Buhl, Liselotte (Lotte) Dyrbye, Tait D. Shanafelt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

155 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To determine the point prevalence of alcohol abuse and dependence among practicing surgeons. Design: Cross-sectional study with data gathered through a 2010 survey. Setting: The United States of America. Participants: Members of the American College of Surgeons. MainOutcomeMeasures: Alcoholabuseanddependence. Results: Of 25 073 surgeons sampled, 7197 (28.7%) completed the survey. Of these, 1112 (15.4%) had a score on the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test, version C, consistent with alcohol abuse or dependence. The point prevalence for alcohol abuse or dependence for male surgeons was 13.9% and for female surgeons was 25.6%. Surgeons reporting a major medical error in the previous 3 months were more likely to have alcohol abuse or dependence (odds ratio, 1.45; P<.001). Surgeonswho were burned out (odds ratio, 1.25; P=.01) and depressed (odds ratio, 1.48; P<.001) were more likely to have alcohol abuse or dependence. The emotional exhaustion and depersonalization domains of burnout were strongly associated with alcohol abuse or dependence. Male sex, having children, and working for the Department of Veterans Affairs were associated with a lower likelihood of alcohol abuse or dependence. Conclusions: Alcohol abuse and dependence is a significant problem in US surgeons. Organizational approaches for the early identification of problematic alcohol consumption followed by intervention and treatment where indicated should be strongly supported.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)168-174
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Surgery
Volume147
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2012

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Alcoholism
Alcohols
Surgeons
Odds Ratio
Depersonalization
Medical Errors
Veterans
Alcohol Drinking
Cross-Sectional Studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Oreskovich, M. R., Kaups, K. L., Balch, C. M., Hanks, J. B., Satele, D., Sloan, J. A., ... Shanafelt, T. D. (2012). Prevalence of alcohol use disorders among American surgeons. Archives of Surgery, 147(2), 168-174. https://doi.org/10.1001/archsurg.2011.1481

Prevalence of alcohol use disorders among American surgeons. / Oreskovich, Michael R.; Kaups, Krista L.; Balch, Charles M.; Hanks, John B.; Satele, Daniel; Sloan, Jeff A; Meredith, Charles; Buhl, Amanda; Dyrbye, Liselotte (Lotte); Shanafelt, Tait D.

In: Archives of Surgery, Vol. 147, No. 2, 02.2012, p. 168-174.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Oreskovich, MR, Kaups, KL, Balch, CM, Hanks, JB, Satele, D, Sloan, JA, Meredith, C, Buhl, A, Dyrbye, LL & Shanafelt, TD 2012, 'Prevalence of alcohol use disorders among American surgeons', Archives of Surgery, vol. 147, no. 2, pp. 168-174. https://doi.org/10.1001/archsurg.2011.1481
Oreskovich MR, Kaups KL, Balch CM, Hanks JB, Satele D, Sloan JA et al. Prevalence of alcohol use disorders among American surgeons. Archives of Surgery. 2012 Feb;147(2):168-174. https://doi.org/10.1001/archsurg.2011.1481
Oreskovich, Michael R. ; Kaups, Krista L. ; Balch, Charles M. ; Hanks, John B. ; Satele, Daniel ; Sloan, Jeff A ; Meredith, Charles ; Buhl, Amanda ; Dyrbye, Liselotte (Lotte) ; Shanafelt, Tait D. / Prevalence of alcohol use disorders among American surgeons. In: Archives of Surgery. 2012 ; Vol. 147, No. 2. pp. 168-174.
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