Prevalence and outcomes of left-sided valvular heart disease associated with chronic kidney disease

Zainab Samad, Joseph A. Sivak, Matthew Phelan, Phillip Schulte, Uptal Patel, Eric J. Velazquez

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9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background-Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an adverse prognostic marker for valve intervention patients; however, the prevalence and related outcomes of valvular heart disease in CKD patients is unknown. Methods and Results-Included patients underwent echocardiography (1999-2013), had serum creatinine values within 6 months before index echocardiogram, and had no history of valve surgery. CKD was defined as diagnosis based on the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision or an estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 mL/min per 1.73 m2. Qualitative assessment determined left heart stenotic and regurgitant valve lesions. Cox models assessed CKD and aortic stenosis (AS) interaction for subsequent mortality; analyses were repeated for mitral regurgitation (MR). Among 78 059 patients, 23 727 (30%) had CKD; of these, 1326 were on hemodialysis. CKD patients were older; female; had a higher prevalence of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, history of coronary artery bypass grafting/percutaneous coronary intervention, atrial fibrillation, and heart failure >mild AS; and >mild MR (all P<0.001). Five-year survival estimates of mild, moderate, and severe AS for CKD patients were 40%, 34%, and 42%, respectively, and 69%, 54%, and 67% for non-CKD patients. Five-year survival estimates of mild, moderate, and severe MR for CKD patients were 51%, 38%, and 37%, respectively, and 75%, 66%, and 65% for non-CKD patients. Significant interaction occurred among CKD, AS/MR severity, and mortality in adjusted analyses; the CKD hazard ratio increased from 1.8 (non-AS patients) to 2.0 (severe AS) and from 1.7 (non-MR patients) to 2.6 (severe MR).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere006044
JournalJournal of the American Heart Association
Volume6
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2017

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Keywords

  • Aortic stenosis
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Echocardiography
  • Mitral regurgitation
  • Mortality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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