Presurgical coping, depression, and quality of life in persons with Parkinson's disease

Kristin L. Croyle, Alexander I. Tröster, Julie A. Fields, Kristy A. Straits-Tröster, Kelly E. Lyons, Rajesh Pahwa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study describes utilization of coping strategies and evaluates the interaction between coping strategies, depression, and quality of life (QOL) in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) who are being considered for neurosurgical intervention. Eighty patients (mean age 61.7 years) with PD being evaluated for possible deep brain stimulation completed self-report instruments of coping strategies (Coping Responses Inventory), depression (Beck Depression Inventory), and disease-specific QOL (Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire-39). Analyses showed that patients with PD cope with the acute stressor of approaching neurosurgery through a variety of strategies, but particularly avoidant and behavioral strategies. When the correlated but apparently opposing effects of cognitive and behavioral strategies were teased apart, greater use of cognitive strategies was associated with more severe depressive symptomatology (and poorer QOL), while greater use of behavioral strategies appeared to be associated with less depression. Depressive symptomatology, in turn, was associated with poorer QOL. However, coping had minimal direct association with QOL. From this it was concluded that patients with advanced PD generate a variety of coping responses to an acute stressor such as surgery, and the use of behavioral strategies, in particular seeking of alternative enjoyable activities, may be associated with better mood if salutary effects are not overwhelmed by less helpful cognitive coping techniques. The minimization of depressive symptomatology, in turn, is associated with better QOL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)101-107
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2003

Keywords

  • Coping
  • Deep brain stimulation
  • Depression
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology

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