Present status of photodynamic therapy for high-grade dysplasia in Barrett's esophagus

Herbert C. Wolfsen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

Goals: Review recent developments in Barrett's dysplasia including regulatory approval of porfimer sodium photodynamic therapy. Background: Barrett's esophagus is thought to be the result of long-standing gastroesophageal reflux disease and is known to be the most important risk factor for the development of esophageal adenocarcinoma. The natural history of Barrett's esophagus is not well known, but the annual incidence of invasive adenocarcinoma is estimated to be 0.5% (reported range, 0.2%-2.0%). This represents an increased risk for esophageal cancer of 30 to 60 times higher than normal subjects. As for colorectal cancer, malignant degeneration is Barrett's esophagus is thought to occur through a continuum of histologic stages: metaplasia, dysplasia and neoplasia. Barrett's high-grade dysplasia (formerly referred to as carcinoma in situ) is the histologic stage of disease that immediately precedes the development of invasive carcinoma. Conclusions: Previously, Barrett's high-grade dysplasia patients were routinely referred for esophageal resection surgery based upon the assumption of inevitable progression to cancer, the high rate of undiagnosed synchronous cancers, and few treatment alternatives. Important developments in Barrett's high-grade dysplasia include recent publications regarding the natural history of Barrett's high-grade dysplasia and the regulatory approval for endoscopic ablation therapy using porfimer sodium photodynamic therapy (Photofrin PDT).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)189-202
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of clinical gastroenterology
Volume39
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2005

Keywords

  • Amino levulinic acid
  • Endoscopic mucosal resection
  • Endoscopic ultrasound
  • Photodynamic therapy
  • Porfimer sodium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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