Preoperative Stereotactic Radiosurgery for Glioblastoma

Eric J. Lehrer, Henry Ruiz-Garcia, Anthony D. Nehlsen, Kunal K. Sindhu, Rachel Sarabia Estrada, Gerben R. Borst, Jason P. Sheehan, Alfredo Quinones-Hinojosa, Daniel M. Trifiletti

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Glioblastoma is a devastating primary brain tumor with a median overall survival of approximately 15 months despite the use of optimal modern therapy. While GBM has been studied for decades, modern therapies have allowed for a reduction in treatment-related toxicities, while the prognosis has largely been unchanged. Adjuvant stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) was previously studied in GBM; however, the results were disappointing. SRS is a highly conformal radiation technique that permits the delivery of high doses of ionizing radiation in 1–5 sessions while largely sparing surrounding healthy tissues. Furthermore, studies have shown that the delivery of ablative doses of ionizing radiation within the central nervous system is associated with enhanced anti-tumor immunity. While SRS is commonly used in the definitive and adjuvant settings for other CNS malignancies, its role in the preoperative setting has become a topic of great interest due to the potential for reduced treatment volumes due to the treatment of an intact tumor, and a lower risk of nodular leptomeningeal disease and radiation necrosis. While early reports of SRS in the adjuvant setting for glioblastoma were disappointing, its role in the preoperative setting and its impact on the anti-tumor adaptive immune response is largely unknown. In this review, we provide an overview of GBM, discuss the potential role of preoperative SRS, and discuss the possible immunogenic effects of this therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number194
JournalBiology
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2022

Keywords

  • Anti-tumor immunity
  • Chemotherapy
  • Glioblastoma
  • Neuro-oncology
  • Neurosurgery
  • Radiation oncology
  • Radiation therapy
  • Stereotactic radiosurgery
  • Temozolomide
  • Tumor treating fields

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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