Background: Statins have been shown to possess antiinflammatory and immunomodulatory effects. In this study, we sought to determine if preoperative statin therapy is associated with a reduced frequency of postoperative acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in surgical populations at increased risk of developing ARDS.
Results: Of 1845 patients, 722 were receiving preoperative statin therapy. One hundred twenty patients developed postoperative ARDS. Frequencies of ARDS among those receiving statin therapy versus those who were not was 7.2% and 6.1%, respectively (OR = 1.20; 95% CI, 0.83-1.75; P = 0.330). Neither the stratified propensity score analysis (pooled OR 0.93; 95% CI, 0.60-1.43) nor matched analysis (OR = 0.78; 95% CI, 0.48-1.27) identified a statistically significant association between preoperative statin administration and postoperative ARDS. When compared to matched controls, patients who developed postoperative ARDS did not differ in mortality (7.7% vs 8.8%, P = 0.51), hospital length of stay (21 days vs 15 days, P = 0.21), or ventilator-free days (24 days vs 25 days, P = 0.62).
Conclusions: In patients undergoing high-risk surgery, preoperative statin therapy was not associated with a statistically significant reduction in postoperative ARDS. These results do not support the use of statins as prophylaxis against ARDS in patients undergoing high-risk surgery.
Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort evaluation of the association between preoperative statin therapy and early postoperative ARDS in patients undergoing elective high-risk thoracic and aortic vascular surgery. The association between preoperative statin therapy and postoperative ARDS was assessed using propensity-adjusted analyses to control for indication bias and confounding factors.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine