Preoperative left ventricular longitudinal strain predicts outcome of septal myectomy for obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Hao Cui, Hartzell V. Schaff, Rick A. Nishimura, Jeffrey B. Geske, Joseph A. Dearani, Darrell B. Newman, Steve R. Ommen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the characteristics of longitudinal strain and its effect on outcomes in patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) who underwent septal myectomy. Methods: We reviewed patients with obstructive HCM who underwent septal myectomy at our clinic from 2007 to 2016. Data of those who had strain echocardiography within 6 months before isolated myectomy were analyzed. Results: The median age of the 857 patients studied was 55 (interquartile range [IQR], 44-63) years, and 451 (52.6%) were male. Left ventricular ejection fraction was 71% (IQR, 67%-74%), and the resting peak outflow tract gradient was 58 (IQR, 27-85) mm Hg. The median global longitudinal strain (GLS) was −14.6% (IQR, −12.0% to −17.3%). Regional longitudinal strain was nonuniform as reflected by more normal values in apical segments and more abnormal in basal segments. Moreover, GLS correlated poorly with ejection fraction and outflow tract gradient. In 64 patients who had postoperative strain echocardiography, GLS was comparable before and after septal myectomy, but regional strain was more uniform after myectomy. Over a follow-up of 8.3 (IQR, 6.5-10.3) years, when patients were equally stratified according to GLS (cutoff, −14.64%), the group with worse GLS had significantly poorer survival compared with the better GLS group (P =.002). Left ventricular ejection fraction had no association with survival. Conclusions: Left ventricular longitudinal strain is nonuniform and might be significantly reduced in patients with obstructive HCM. Septal myectomy does not impair GLS but is associated with more uniform regional strains. Most importantly, reduced GLS preoperatively is strongly and independently associated with increased all-cause mortality after septal myectomy for obstructive HCM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • ejection fraction
  • hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  • longitudinal strain
  • septal myectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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