Background Preoperative imaging for early-stage cutaneous melanoma is not recommended by current guidelines. Our goal was to investigate our institutional usage and utility. Methods Patients with clinically node-negative cutaneous melanoma undergoing surgery with sentinel lymph node biopsy were identified retrospectively. Any melanoma-related imaging after diagnosis and before surgery was considered a staging study. Results Five hundred fifteen studies were performed in 409 of 546 (75%) patients. Chest x-rays was performed in 70% and advanced imaging in 14% (computed tomography imaging, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound, and positron-emission computed tomography imaging). No metastatic lesions were identified. A Breslow thickness greater than 4 mm (odds ratio = 6.46 vs <1 mm; 95% confidence interval, 2.07 to 20.15) and male sex (odds ratio = 2.62 vs female; 95% confidence interval, 1.26 to 5.46) were associated with an increased likelihood of advanced imaging. Conclusions Preoperative imaging was performed in the majority of patients with node-negative melanoma, with 14% undergoing advanced studies. No metastatic lesions were identified, confirming the limited utility in this setting.
- Preoperative imaging
ASJC Scopus subject areas