Preoperative diagnosis of coronary artery anatomy in dextrotransposition of the great arteries

E. K W Sim, P. R. Julsrud, J. A M Van Son, D. J. Hagler, Hartzell V Schaff, F. J. Puga

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Abstract

Background: Preoperative diagnosis of the coronary artery pattern in dextrotransposition of the great arteries is important because deviation from the usual pattern may influence the surgical strategy. Methods: For assessment of the value of angiography and echocardiography in this setting, we analyzed the preoperative echocardiographic and angiographic findings in 74 patients with dextrotransposition of the great arteries in whom an arterial switch operation was performed. Results: Two-dimensional echocardiography established a diagnosis of the coronary artery pattern in 40 of the 74 patients; that diagnosis was correct in 38-30 of 32 (94%) with the usual coronary artery pattern and 8 (100%) with an atypical pattern. Angiography established a diagnosis of the coronary artery pattern in 52 patients; that diagnosis was correct in 50-41 of 42 (98%) with the usual coronary artery pattern and 9 of 10 (90%) with an atypical pattern. The accuracy of echocardiography in diagnosing the coronary artery pattern in dextrotransposition of the great arteries in this series was 95% and that of angiography was 96%. Conclusion: Both echocardiography and angiography can establish the diagnosis of the coronary artery anatomy in most patients. Echocardiography is routinely performed in infants with dextrotransposition of the great arteries and is proving to be increasingly sensitive for diagnosing the coronary artery anatomy; the role of angiography may evolve to be supplementary, especially in cases in which the coronary artery anatomy is not clearly demonstrated by echocardiography.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)28-32
Number of pages5
JournalMayo Clinic Proceedings
Volume69
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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    Sim, E. K. W., Julsrud, P. R., Van Son, J. A. M., Hagler, D. J., Schaff, H. V., & Puga, F. J. (1994). Preoperative diagnosis of coronary artery anatomy in dextrotransposition of the great arteries. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 69(1), 28-32.