The purpose of this study was to determine graft patency and blood flow rates in recipients of a new cuffed ePTFE graft (Venaflo graft) used for hemodialysis access. A pilot study was conducted with 12 (7 men, 5 women) consecutive patients (age range, 36-76 yr; mean, 65 yr). All patients were recipients of a new cuffed PTFE graft placed for hemodialysis access. Seven were high risk because of a prior history of clotted hemodialysis accesses (1-6; mean, 3.3). Blood flow rates were determined by ultrasound dilution technique at 3 month intervals. One year and 2 year overall graft patency rates were 90.9% and 68.2%, respectively. One graft (high risk, six prior grafts) was lost to thrombosis in the first year; two grafts (one high risk, four prior grafts) were lost to thrombosis in the second year of follow-up. No graft thrombosis resulted from stenosis at the graft-vein anastomosis. Blood flow rates ranged from 550 to 2,110 ml/min (mean, 1,086 ml/min; n = 8) when first measured 3 months after graft placement. Similar flow rates were observed at 12 months (mean, 1,043 ml/min; n = 7) and 24 months (mean, 1,014 ml/min; n = 4) in grafts available for comparison. Dialysis flow rates in excess of 350 ml/min were possible with all patent grafts. A cuffed ePTFE graft provided stable blood flow and satisfactory graft patency during 2 years of follow-up, even in high risk patients with a prior history of vascular access thrombosis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering