Predictors of sprint start speed: The effects of resistive ground-based vs. inclined treadmill training

Gregory D. Myer, Kevin R. Ford, Jensen L. Brent, Jon G. Divine, Timothy E. Hewett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Myer, G.D., K.R. Ford, J.L. Brent, J.G. Divine, and T.E. Hewett. Predictors of sprint start speed: The effects of resistive ground-based vs. inclined treadmill training. J. Strength Cond. Res. 21(3):831-836. 2007.-There is currently no consensus with regard to the most effective method to train for improved acceleration, or with regard to which kinematic variable provides the greatest opportunity for improvement in this important performance characteristic. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of resistive ground-based speed training and incline treadmill speed training on speed-related kinematic measures and sprint start speed. The hypothesis tested was that incline treadmill training would improve sprint start time, while the ground-based resistive training would not. Corollary hypotheses were that treadmill training would increase stride frequency and ground-based training would not affect kinematics during the sprint start. Thirty-one high school female soccer players (15.7 ±0.5 years) were assigned to either treadmill (n = 17) or ground-based (n = 14) training groups and trained 2 times a week for 6 weeks. The treadmill group utilized incline speed training on a treadmill, while the ground-based group utilized partner band resistance ground-based techniques. Three-dimensional motion analysis was used (4.5 m mark) before and after training to quantify kinematics during the fastest of 3 recorded sprint starts (9.1 m). Both groups decreased average sprint start time from 1.75 ±0.12 to 1.68 ±0.08 seconds (p < 0.001). Training increased stride frequency (p = 0.030) but not stride length. After training, total vertical pelvic displacement and stride length predicted 62% of the variance in sprint start time for the resistive ground-based group, while stride length and stride frequency accounted for 67% prediction of the variance in sprint start time for the treadmill group. The results of this study indicate that both incline treadmill and resistive ground-based training are effective at improving sprint start speed, although they potentially do so through differing mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)831-836
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2007

Keywords

  • Acceleration
  • Performance training
  • Sprint training
  • Sprinting kinematics
  • Stride frequency
  • Stride length

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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