Predictors of smokeless tobacco initiation in a young adult military cohort

Jon O. Ebbert, C. Keith Haddock, Mark Vander Weg, Robert C. Klesges, Walker S.C. Poston, Margaret DeBon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Objective: To identify predictors of smokeless tobacco (ST) initiation among young adults. Methods: A military cohort (N= 28,229) was analyzed to identify variables associated with ST initiation. Results: Baseline current cigarette smoking at baseline was a strong predictor for any ST use (OR 3.88; 95% CI: 3.33-4.52) and daily ST use (OR 3.01, 2.34-3.88) as was experimental ST use for any (OR 2.39, 2.09-2.73) and daily ST use (OR 2.41, 1.93-3.01). Conclusions: Smoking and previous ST use are strong predictors for ST use in adults. Research is needed to characterize ST initiation and changes in smoking behavior over time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)103-112
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Behavior
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2006


  • Cohort studies
  • Military personnel
  • Risk factors
  • Smokeless
  • Smoking
  • Tobacco

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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