Background: We examined predictors of recurrent hospitalizations and the importance of these hospitalizations for subsequent mortality after incident transient ischemic attacks (TIA) that have not yet been investigated. Methods: Adults hospitalized for TIA from 2000 through 2017 were examined for recurrent hospitalizations, days, and percentage of time spent hospitalized and long-term mortality. Results: Of 266 patients hospitalized for TIA, 122 died, 212 had 826 anycondition hospitalization (59 from TIA-related conditions) corresponding to 3384 inpatient days during 1693 person-years of follow-up. Of 42 patient-level characteristics, age greater than or equal to 65 years (Incidence rate ratio [IRR] 1.75, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.19-2.55), current smoking (IRR 2.15, 95% CI 1.39-3.33), concurrent heart failure (IRR 1.81, 95% CI 1.17-2.80) or anemia (IRR 1.90, 95% CI 1.40-2.48), and no prescription statin (IRR 1.45, 95% CI 1.04-2.03, P =.0289) emerged as significant predictors of anycondition rehospitalization. All these variables except heart failure remained significant predictors of TIA-related rehospitalizations. All-cause mortality was significantly increased after each hospitalization from anycondition (hazard ratio [HR] 1.32, 95% CI 1.26-1.39), TIA-related condition (HR 1.72; 95% CI 1.28-2.30), and per each day (HR 1.05, 95% CI 1.04-1.05) and per 1% of follow-up time spent hospitalized from anycondition (HR 1.45, 95% CI 1.34-1.58). Conclusions: Older age, current tobacco smoking, concurrent heart failure or anemia, and no prescription statin, easily measured patient-level characteristics, identifies patients with TIA at high risk for recurrent hospitalizations and the burden of these hospitalizations predicts subsequent mortality.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases|
|State||Accepted/In press - Jan 1 2018|
- transient ischemic attack
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine