Recognition of autoimmunity as a cause of encephalopathy has increased. Recent studies have validated the use of Antibody-Prevalence-in-Epilepsy (APE) and Responsive-to-immunotherapy-in-Epilepsy (RITE) scores in the evaluation and management of autoimmune-epilepsy. We aim to assess the utility of these models for patients with cognitive dysfunction. Among the evaluated patients, 17% had antibodies universally associated with autoimmune-encephalopathy. NMDA-R-IgG and LGI1-IgG were the most common antibody specificities. Antibody-Prevalence-in-Epilepsy-and-Encephalopathy (APE2) score ≥ 4 was 99% sensitive and 93% specific for neural-specific-antibodies. Responsive-to-immunotherapy-in-Epilepsy-and-Encephalopathy (RITE2) score ≥ 7 had 96% sensitivity and 86% specificity for favorable initial immunotherapy response. Application of these models may optimize autoantibody evaluations and immunotherapeutic trials.
- Autoimmune limbic encephalitis
- Paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis
- Predictive model
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy
- Clinical Neurology