Predictive value of comb-push ultrasound shear elastography for the differentiation of reactive and metastatic axillary lymph nodes: A preliminary investigation

Adriana Gregory, Max Denis, Mahdi Bayat, Viksit Kumar, Bae Hyung Kim, Jeremy Webb, Rohit Nayak, Saba Adabi, Duane D. Meixner, Eric C. Polley, Robert T. Fazzio, Mostafa Fatemi, Azra Alizad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives To evaluate the predictive performance of comb-push ultrasound shear elastography for the differentiation of reactive and metastatic axillary lymph nodes. Methods From June 2014 through September 2018, 114 female volunteers (mean age 58.1±13.3 years; range 28–88 years) with enlarged axillary lymph nodes identified by palpation or clinical imaging were prospectively enrolled in the study. Mean, standard deviation and maximum shear wave elastography parameters from 117 lymph nodes were obtained and compared to fine needle aspiration biopsy results. Mann-Whitney U test and ROC curve analysis were performed. Results The axillary lymph nodes were classified as reactive or metastatic based on the fine needle aspiration outcomes. A statistically significant difference between reactive and metastatic axillary lymph nodes was observed based on comb-push ultrasound shear elastography (CUSE) results (p<0.0001) from mean and maximum elasticity values. Mean elasticity showed the best separation with a ROC analysis resulting in 90.5% sensitivity, 94.4% specificity, 0.97 area under the curve, 95% positive predictive value, and 89.5% negative predictive value with a 30.2-kPa threshold. Conclusions CUSE provided a quantifiable parameter that can be used for the assessment of enlarged axillary lymph nodes to differentiate between reactive and metastatic processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0226994
JournalPloS one
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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