Predicting the risk of developing new cerebral lesions after stereotactic radiosurgery or fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy for brain metastases from renal cell carcinoma

Dirk Rades, Liesa Dziggel, Oliver Blanck, Niklas Gebauer, Tobias Bartscht, Steven E. Schild

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aim: To create an instrument for estimating the risk of new brain metastases after stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) or fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (FSRT) alone in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Patients and Methods: In 45 patients with 1-3 brain metastases, seven characteristics were analyzed for association with freedom from new brain metastases (age, gender, performance score, number and sites of brain metastases, extra-cerebral metastasis, interval from RCC diagnosis to SRS/FSRT). Results: Lower risk of subsequent brain lesions after RT was associated with single metastasis (p=0.043) and supratentorial involvement only (p=0.018). Scoring points were: One metastasis=1, 2-3 metastases=0, supratentorial alone=1, infratentorial with/without supratentorial=0. Scores of 0, 1 and 2 points were associated with 6-month rates of freedom from subsequent brain lesions of 25%, 74% and 92% (p=0.008). After combining groups with 1 and 2 points, 6-month rates were 25% for those with 0 points and 83% for those with 1-2 points (p=0.002). Conclusion: Two groups were identified with different risks of new brain metastases after SRS or FSRT alone. High-risk patients may benefit from additional whole-brain irradiation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2973-2976
Number of pages4
JournalAnticancer Research
Volume38
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2018

Keywords

  • Brain metastases
  • Fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy
  • Freedom from new brain metastases
  • Renal cell carcinoma
  • Scoring instrument
  • Stereotactic radiosurgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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