Predicting patient expectations about survival following cardiac events

Lisa A. Howell, Shannon M. Clark, Ross A. Dierkhising, Randal J. Thomas, Kristin S. Vickers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To assess modifiable cognitive and behavioral factors following cardiac events and their association to patients' 3-month survival expectations. Methods: Patients (N = 233, 71% male; mean age 68years) hospitalized following cardiac events completed study packets assessing mood, behavior change, health behavior domains, and medical recommendation adherence at hospital discharge and 3 months later. Results: In univariate analyses, baseline depression, health distress, behavior change, and adherence were associated with positive expectations at follow-up. Multivariate regression analysis found (Adj. R2=0.43) baseline expectations and adherence were significant predictors of expectations for recovery and survival at follow-up (p < .01). Conclusion: Patients' perception of adherence following a cardiac event is a potent predictor of later expectations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)800-806
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Behavior
Volume37
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2013

Fingerprint

Survival
event
Health Behavior
Patient Compliance
health behavior
Multivariate Analysis
Regression Analysis
Depression
Health
multivariate analysis
mood
regression analysis

Keywords

  • Adherence
  • Cardiac events
  • Recovery and survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology

Cite this

Howell, L. A., Clark, S. M., Dierkhising, R. A., Thomas, R. J., & Vickers, K. S. (2013). Predicting patient expectations about survival following cardiac events. American Journal of Health Behavior, 37(6), 800-806. https://doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.37.6.9

Predicting patient expectations about survival following cardiac events. / Howell, Lisa A.; Clark, Shannon M.; Dierkhising, Ross A.; Thomas, Randal J.; Vickers, Kristin S.

In: American Journal of Health Behavior, Vol. 37, No. 6, 11.2013, p. 800-806.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Howell, LA, Clark, SM, Dierkhising, RA, Thomas, RJ & Vickers, KS 2013, 'Predicting patient expectations about survival following cardiac events', American Journal of Health Behavior, vol. 37, no. 6, pp. 800-806. https://doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.37.6.9
Howell, Lisa A. ; Clark, Shannon M. ; Dierkhising, Ross A. ; Thomas, Randal J. ; Vickers, Kristin S. / Predicting patient expectations about survival following cardiac events. In: American Journal of Health Behavior. 2013 ; Vol. 37, No. 6. pp. 800-806.
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