Predicting patient expectations about survival following cardiac events

Lisa A. Howell, Shannon M. Clark, Ross A. Dierkhising, Randal J. Thomas, Kristin S. Vickers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To assess modifiable cognitive and behavioral factors following cardiac events and their association to patients' 3-month survival expectations. Methods: Patients (N = 233, 71% male; mean age 68years) hospitalized following cardiac events completed study packets assessing mood, behavior change, health behavior domains, and medical recommendation adherence at hospital discharge and 3 months later. Results: In univariate analyses, baseline depression, health distress, behavior change, and adherence were associated with positive expectations at follow-up. Multivariate regression analysis found (Adj. R2=0.43) baseline expectations and adherence were significant predictors of expectations for recovery and survival at follow-up (p < .01). Conclusion: Patients' perception of adherence following a cardiac event is a potent predictor of later expectations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)800-806
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Behavior
Volume37
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2013

Keywords

  • Adherence
  • Cardiac events
  • Recovery and survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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    Howell, L. A., Clark, S. M., Dierkhising, R. A., Thomas, R. J., & Vickers, K. S. (2013). Predicting patient expectations about survival following cardiac events. American Journal of Health Behavior, 37(6), 800-806. https://doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.37.6.9