Preclinical efficacy of the oncolytic measles virus expressing the sodium iodide symporter in iodine non-avid anaplastic thyroid cancer: A novel therapeutic agent allowing noninvasive imaging and radioiodine therapy

H. V. Reddi, P. Madde, S. J. McDonough, M. A. Trujillo, J. C. Morris, R. M. Myers, K. W. Peng, S. J. Russell, B. McIver, N. L. Eberhardt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Anaplastic thyroid cancer is an extremely aggressive disease resistant to radioiodine treatment because of loss of sodium iodide symporter (NIS) expression. To enhance prognosis of this fatal cancer, we validated the preclinical efficacy of measles virus (MV)-NIS, the vaccine strain of the oncolytic MV (MV-Edm), modified to include the NIS gene. Western blotting analysis confirmed that a panel of eight anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC)-derived cell lines do not express NIS protein, but do express CD46, the MV receptor. In vitro cell death assays and in vivo xenograft studies demonstrate the oncolytic efficacy of MV-NIS in BHT-101 and KTC-3, ATC-derived cell lines. Radioactive iodine uptake along with single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)-computed tomography imaging of KTC-3 xenografts after 99Tcm administration confirmed NIS expression in vitro and in vivo, respectively, after virus treatment. Adjuvant administration of RAI, to MV-NIS-treated KTC-3 tumors showed a trend for increased tumor cell killing. As current treatment for ATC is only palliative, and MV-NIS is currently Food and Drug Administration approved for human clinical trials in myeloma, our data indicate that targeting ATC with MV-NIS could prove to be a novel therapeutic strategy for effective treatment of iodine-resistant ATC and will expedite its testing in clinical trials for this aggressive disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)659-665
Number of pages7
JournalCancer Gene Therapy
Volume19
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2012

Keywords

  • MV-NIS
  • anaplastic thyroid carcinoma
  • novel therapeutic agent
  • sodium iodide symporter dysfunction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cancer Research

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