Pre-operative patella alta does not affect midterm clinical outcomes and survivorship of patellofemoral arthroplasty

Christopher D. Bernard, Ayoosh Pareek, Casey M. Sabbag, Chad W. Parkes, Aaron J. Krych, Nancy M. Cummings, Diane L. Dahm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of preoperative patella alta on clinical outcomes, survivorship, and complication and reoperation rates on patellofemoral arthroplasty (PFA). Methods: All patients who underwent PFA for isolated patellofemoral arthritis by a single surgeon at our institution were identified. Preoperative radiographs were measured by two independent observers for patellar height using the Caton Deschamps (CD), Insall-Salvati (IS), and Blackburne-Peele (BP) methods. Patients were classified as either “patella alta” or “non-patella alta” for all three measurement methods. Clinical scores including KSS Pain, KSS Function, and Tegner Activity Scores were collected pre- and post-operatively. Failure was defined as conversion to total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Clinical outcomes and survivorship were compared between patients with “patella alta” and “non-patella alta” height measurements. Results: There were 119 patients with 153 knees (86% female) included in the study with a mean age of 55.8 years. Outcome scores improved from pre-operative to post-operative for both patella alta and non-patella alta patients for Tegner, KSS pain and KSS function scores. The mean change in Tegner scores for patella alta and non-patella alta patients were not significantly different for CD (p = 0.24), IS (p = 0.25) or BP measurements (p = 0.39). The mean change in KSS pain scores between groups were not significantly different for CD (p = 0.33) or IS measurements (p = 0.22), but was improved more significantly in patella alta patients vs non-patella alta patients (21.2 and 14.4; p = 0.02) for BP measurement. The mean change in KSS function scores between groups was not significantly different for CD (p = 0.61) IS (p = 0.90) or BP measurements (p = 0.79). The overall survivorship from conversion to total knee arthroplasty (TKA) was 94.1% at a mean follow-up time of 5.0 (SD 2.6) years. There were no significant differences in survivorship from TKA between patella alta and non-patella alta groups (CD: p = 0.72, IS: p = 0.63, BP: p = 0.66). Conclusions: This study suggests that there are no significant differences in clinical outcome scores or survivorship from TKA between patella alta and non-patella alta patients who underwent onlay design PFA. Both patella alta and non-patella alta patients demonstrated excellent improvement in outcome scores from pre-operative to post-operative. Level of evidence: IV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalKnee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • Complications
  • Patellar height
  • Patellofemoral arthroplasty (PFA)
  • Patellofemoral replacement
  • Survivorship

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Pre-operative patella alta does not affect midterm clinical outcomes and survivorship of patellofemoral arthroplasty'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this