Pre-B acute lymphoblastic leukemia with b3a2 (p210) and e1a2 (p190) BCR-ABL fusion transcripts relapsing as chronic myelogenous leukemia with a less differentiated b3a2 (p210) clone

S. S. Winter, J. M. Greene, T. S. McConnell, C. L. Willman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Philadelphia chromosome translocation t(9;22)(q34;q11) may give rise to different BCR/ABL fusion mRNAs due to different genomic breakpoints and alternative splicing. The e1a2, b2a2 or b3a2 and c3a2 fusion mRNAs encode distinct fusion proteins (p190, p210 and p230, respectively), which are associated with different forms of leukemogenesis in humans and animal models. Our patient presented with acute pre-B cell lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) with normal cytogenetics. After 3 years of standard ALL therapy, he relapsed with t(9;22)-positive chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). Retrospective molecular analyses of the pre-treatment pre-B cell ALL sample showed the b3a2 (p210) and e1a2 (p190) BCR/ABL fusion transcripts. Only the b3a2 (p210) transcript was detected at relapse. Southern and immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) analyses of the presentation and relapse samples revealed an identical BCR rearrangement in both samples. However, only the ALL sample harbored an IgH gene rearrangement. These findings show a clonal relationship between the more differentiated pre-B cell and less differentiated CML clones and that the p210 and p190 fusion mRNAs were alternatively spliced from a single genomic breakpoint. Our patient's unusual molecular findings provide circumstantial evidence that the p190 protein may promote a more differentiated phenotype in a comparatively less differentiated p210-transformed precursor cell.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2007-2011
Number of pages5
JournalLeukemia
Volume13
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999

Keywords

  • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia
  • BCR/ABL
  • Chronic myelogenous leukemia
  • p190
  • p210
  • Philadelphia chromosome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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