Transcatheter left atrial appendage (LAA) closure is an alternative to long-term anticoagulation therapy in selected patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation who have an increased risk for stroke. LAA closure devices can be implanted by means of either an endocardial or a combined endocardial and epicardial approach. Preprocedural imaging is key to identifying contraindications, accurately sizing the device, and minimizing complications. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has been the reference standard imaging modality to assess the anatomy for LAA closure and to provide intraprocedural guidance. However, CT has emerged as a less-invasive alternative to TEE for pre-and postprocedural imaging. CT is comparable to TEE for exclusion of thrombus but is superior to TEE for the delineation of complex LAA anatomy, measurement for device sizing, and evaluation of pulmonary venous and extracardiac structures. CT provides accurate measurements of the LAA ostial diameter, landing zone diameter, and LAA length, which are vital for accurate sizing of the device. CT allows evaluation of the relationship with the pulmonary veins and other adjacent structures that can be injured during the procedure. CT also simulates procedural fluoroscopic angles and provides evaluation of the interatrial septum, which is punctured during LAA closure. CT also provides a more convenient method for the evaluation of postprocedural complications such as incomplete closure, peridevice leaking, device-related thrombus, and device dislodgement.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging