Pramlintide, an amylin analog, selectively delays gastric emptying: Potential role of vagal inhibition

Melvin Samsom, Lawrence A. Szarka, Michael Camilleri, Adrian Vella, Alan R. Zinsmeister, Robert A. Rizza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

116 Scopus citations

Abstract

The amylin analog pramlintide delays gastric emptying in type I diabetics. The effects of multiple doses of pramlintide and the mechanism of action in non-amylin-deficient humans are unknown. We investigated the effects of pramlintide on gastrointestinal and colonic transit and on the plasma pancreatic polypeptide response to the meal in a parallel-group dose- response study with subjects randomized to placebo, or 30 or 60 μg (tid, sc) of pramlintide. Pramlintide delayed gastric emptying [half-time (t 1/2 ): 112 min (SE 8.7 min), 169 min (SE 12 min), or 177 min (SE 25 min) after placebo or 30 or 60-μg pramlintide treatment, respectively; P = 0.033]. Pramlintide did not significantly affect small bowel or colonic transit. Pancreatic polypeptide concentrations in the first postprandial hour were lower with pramlintide than with placebo (P < 0.01 for drug effect). An inverse correlation was observed between mean pancreatic polypeptide concentrations in the first postprandial hour and gastric emptying t 1/2 [Spearman correlation coefficient (R(s)) = 0.48; P = 0.044]. Pramlintide at 30 and 60 μg delays gastric emptying in healthy humans without affecting small bowel or colonic transit. Vagal inhibition is a potential mechanism of the effects of pramlintide on gastric emptying.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)G946-G951
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Volume278
Issue number6 41-6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2000

Keywords

  • Colonic transit
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Glucose
  • Pancreatic polypeptide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Physiology (medical)

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