Hematopoietic cell transplantation can cure many high-risk diseases but is associated with complexity, cost, and risk. Several areas in transplantation practice were identified in the 2014 Blood and Marrow Transplant Clinical Trials Network State of the Science Symposium (BMT CTN SOSS) as high priorities for further study. We developed a survey for hematopoietic cell transplantation clinicians to identify current practices in BMT CTN SOSS priority areas and to understand, more generally, the variation in approach to transplantation and estimation of transplantation benefit in current medical practice. Of 1439 transplantation clinicians surveyed, 305 responded (20% response rate). Clinicians were well represented by age, experience, geography, and size of practice. We found that several techniques identified in the BMT CTN SOSS, such as maintenance therapy for acute myeloid leukemia or myelodysplastic syndromes after allogeneic transplantation, were already being utilized in practice on and off study, with higher rates of use in higher-volume centers. There was significant variation among clinicians in use of transplantation technologies and approaches to common transplantation scenarios. Appraisals of risks and benefits of transplantation appeared to converge upon similar estimates despite the presentation of different hypothetical scenarios. These results suggest overall equipoise in several BMT CTN SOSS high-priority areas and support the need for better data to inform clinical practice.
- Diffusion of innovations
- Hematopoietic cell transplantation
- Practice patterns
ASJC Scopus subject areas