RNA-binding proteins are important players in post-transcriptional regulation, such as modulating mRNA splicing, translation, and degradation under diverse biological settings. Identifying and characterizing the RNA substrates is a critical step in deciphering the function and molecular mechanisms of the target RNA-binding proteins. High-throughput sequencing of the RNA fragments isolated by crosslinking immunoprecipitation (CLIP-seq) is one of the standard techniques to identify the in vivo transcriptome-wide binding sites of the target RNA-binding protein. This method is widely used in functional and mechanistic characterizations of RNA-binding proteins. In this review, we provide several practical considerations on performing and analyzing CLIP-seq experiments. Particularly, we focus on how to perform CLIP-seq experiments on endogenous RNA-binding proteins. In addition, we provide a practical summary on how to choose and use computational pipelines from an increasing number of computational methods and packages that are available for analyzing the sequencing datasets from the CLIP-seq experiments. We hope these practical considerations will facilitate experimental biologists in performing and analyzing CLIP-seq experiment to obtain biologically relevant mechanistic insights.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)