Misfolded or damaged proteins are recognized intracellularly by protein quality mechanisms. These include chaperones and the ubiquitin-proteasome system, which aim at restoration of protein function and protein removal, respectively. A number of studies have outlined the functional significance of the ubiquitin-proteasome system for the heart and, as of recently, for the vascular system. This review summarizes these recent findings with a focus on atherosclerosis. In particular, this paper reflects on the viewpoint of atherosclerosis as a protein quality disease.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine