Potential influence of intravenous lipids on the outcomes of acute pancreatitis

Krutika S. Patel, Pawan Noel, Vijay P. Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Parenteral nutrition (PN) has been associated with a higher rate of adverse outcomes compared with enteral feeding in patients with acute pancreatitis (AP). However, PN may be necessary when feeding via the enteral route is poorly tolerated or impossible, and PN is recommended as a second-line nutrition therapy in AP. Intravenous (IV) lipids are commonly used as a part of PN in patients with AP. While the adverse outcomes related to the use of PN in AP have commonly been attributed to infectious complications, data suggest that the unsaturated fatty acids in the triglycerides used in IV lipids may contribute to the development of organ failure. We discuss the clinical and experimental data on this issue and the alternative lipid emulsions that are being studied.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)291-294
Number of pages4
JournalNutrition in Clinical Practice
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2014

Keywords

  • intravenous fat emulsions
  • nutritional support
  • pancreatic diseases
  • pancreatitis
  • parenteral nutrition
  • total parenteral nutrition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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