Potential embolization by atherosclerotic debris dislodged from aortic wall during cardiac catheterization: Histologic and clinical findings in 7,621 patients

Holger Eggebrecht, Olaf Oldenburg, Olaf Dirsch, Michael Haude, Dietrich Baumgart, Dirk Welge, Joerg Herrmann, Georg Arnold, Kurt Werner Schmid, Raimund Erbel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Scopus citations

Abstract

Embolic events during cardiac catheterization have been attributed to atherosclerotic aortic debris dislodged by catheter manipulation. We evaluated the frequency and the histologic morphology of atherothrombotic material retrieved during placement of coronary catheters in patients undergoing diagnostic or interventional cardiac procedures. Over a 4-year period, macroscopically visible aortic debris from coronary catheters, if present after advancement to the ascending aorta, was obtained for histologic examination. In 41 of 7,621 patients (0.54%), visible atherothrombotic material was present in the backflow of catheters. Debris occurred most frequently with 8 Fr guiding catheters (98%). Histologic examination showed foam cells, cholesterol crystals, and amorphic lipoid substance as markers of atheromatous material from atherosclerotic plaques in 38/41 patients (93%) with former plaque hemorrhage in 55% of them. In three patients, fresh thrombus material was observed (7%). None of these patients showed in- hospital ischemic complications. Although visible atheromatous material is a rare phenomenon in cardiac catheterization, an increased risk of scraping debris is associated with large-lumen guiding catheters. In order to avoid vascular embolization, the use of smaller guiding catheters and sufficient free backflow of catheters after advancement are recommended. (C) 2000 Wiley- Liss, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)389-394
Number of pages6
JournalCatheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Volume49
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 13 2000

Keywords

  • Aortic plaque
  • Coronary interventions
  • Embolization
  • Guiding catheter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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