Postprandial glucose fluxes and insulin sensitivity during exercise: A study in healthy individuals

Michele Schiavon, Ling Hinshaw, Ashwini Mallad, Chiara Dalla Man, Giovanni Sparacino, Matthew Johnson, Rickey Carter, Rita Basu, Yogish Kudva, Claudio Cobelli, Ananda Basu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Quantifying the effect size of acute exercise on insulin sensitivity (SIexercise) and simultaneous measurement of glucose disappearance (Rd), endogenous glucose production (EGP), and meal glucose appearance in the postprandial state has not been developed in humans. To do so, we studied 12 healthy subjects [5 men, age 37.1 ± 3.1 yr, body mass index 24.1 ± 1.1 kg/m2, fat-free mass (FFM) 50.9 ± 3.9 kg] during moderate exercise at 50% VO2max for 75 min, 120-195 min after a triple-tracer mixed meal consumed at time 0. Tracer infusion rates were adjusted to achieve constant tracer-to-tracee ratio and minimize non-steady-state errors. Glucose turnover was estimated by accounting for the nonstationary kinetics introduced by exercise. Insulin sensitivity index was calculated in each subject both in the absence [time (t) = 0-120 min, SIrest] and presence (t = 0-360 min, SIexercise) of physical activity. EGP at t = 0 min (13.4 ± 1.1 μM·kg FFM-1·min-1) fell at t = 120 min (2.4 ± 0.4 μM·kg FFM-1·min-1) and then rapidly rose almost eightfold at t = 180 min (18.2 ± 2.6 μM·kg FFM-1·min-1) before gradually falling at t = 360 min (10.6 ± 0.9 μM·kg FFM-1·min-1). Rd rapidly peaked at t = 120 min at the start of exercise (89.5 ± 11.6 μM·kg FFM-1·min-1) and then gradually declined at t = 195 min (26.4 ± 3.3 μM·kg FFM-1·min-1) before returning to baseline at t = 360 min. SIexercise was significantly higher than SIrest (21.6 ± 3.7 vs. 12.5 ± 2.0 10-4 dl·kg-1·min-1 per μU/ml, P < 0.0005). Glucose turnover was estimated for the first time during exercise with the triple-tracer technique. Our results, applying state-of-the-art techniques, show that moderate exercise almost doubles postprandial insulin sensitivity index in healthy subjects

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E557-E566
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume305
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 8 2013

Keywords

  • Exercise
  • Insulin sensitivity
  • Oral minimal model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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