Postprandial augmentation of absorption of water and electrolytes is believed to occur in the jejunum. Neural mechanisms of control, however, have not been studied in the in situ jejunum or in the transplanted bowel. The aim of this study was to determine if postprandial augmentation of absorption occurs in the in situ jejunum and to evaluate neural mechanisms controlling postprandial jejunal absorption. Based on our previous work, we hypothesized that postprandial augmentation of absorption does not occur in the jejunum in situ and that extrinsic denervation of the jejunum is associated with decreased postprandial absorption. Absorption was studied in an 80 cm, in situ jejunal segment in six dogs by using an isosmolar electrolyte solution alone, or with 80 mmol/L glucose before and after jejunal transection to disrupt intrinsic neural continuity of the study segment with the remaining gut. Net absorptive fluxes of water and electrolytes were measured in the fasted state and after a 400-kcal meal. Another six dogs were studied 3 weeks after our validated model of extrinsic denervation of jejunoileum; identical fasting and postprandial absorptive states were evaluated. Postprandial augmentation of absorption of water and electrolytes did occur in the jejunum (P < 0.03) both in the absence and in the presence of intraluminal glucose. After intrinsic neural transection or extrinsic denervation, no postprandial augmentation of absorption occurred, with or without glucose. Postprandial augmentation of absorption of water and electrolytes occurs in the in situ jejunum. Disrupting intrinsic neural continuity or extrinsic denervation (as after intestinal transplantation) abolishes postprandial augmentation.
- intestinal transplantation
- intrinsic nerves
- postprandial extrinsic denervation
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