Postoperative pulmonary complications in contemporary cohort of patients with pulmonary hypertension

S. Chandralekha Kruthiventi, Garvan C. Kane, Juraj Sprung, Toby N. Weingarten, Mary Ellen Warner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Patients with pulmonary hypertension are at increased risk for postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs). Herein, we review PPCs in pulmonary hypertension patients undergoing non-cardiac procedures under general anesthesia. The medical records of pulmonary hypertension patients who underwent surgery with general anesthesia between 2010 and 2017 were reviewed for PPCs. In addition we reviewed nursing-documented respiratory depressive episodes in the post-anesthesia care unit to assess the associations between these episodes and later PPCs. There were 20 PPCs among 128 patients who underwent 197 procedures (10.2 per 100 surgeries) [95% CI 6.7-15.2]. Of these, 5 occurred during anesthesia recovery and 15 following anesthesia recovery. Three-quarters of the PPCs occurred within 24 postoperative hours. All the PPCs were severe. The frequency of PPCs was significantly higher in those who experienced respiratory depression during anesthesia recovery vs. in those who did not (5/17, 29% vs. 10/175, 6%; odds ratio 5.15, 95% CI 1.58-16.81, p = 0.007). Increased PPC rates were observed among patients who were current/previous smokers and who routinely use benzodiazepines, and among those undergoing emergent surgery. With treatment, all PPCs resolved. The rate of PPCs in the population of contemporary surgical pulmonary hypertension patients was 10.2%, and three-quarters occurred during first 24 postoperative hours. Patients who had respiratory depression during anesthesia recovery were 5-fold more likely to experience later PPCs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)392-399
Number of pages8
JournalBosnian journal of basic medical sciences
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 8 2019

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Pulmonary Hypertension
Lung
Anesthesia
Respiratory Insufficiency
General Anesthesia
Benzodiazepines
Medical Records
Nursing
Odds Ratio

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Postoperative pulmonary complications in contemporary cohort of patients with pulmonary hypertension. / Kruthiventi, S. Chandralekha; Kane, Garvan C.; Sprung, Juraj; Weingarten, Toby N.; Warner, Mary Ellen.

In: Bosnian journal of basic medical sciences, Vol. 19, No. 4, 08.11.2019, p. 392-399.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kruthiventi, S. Chandralekha ; Kane, Garvan C. ; Sprung, Juraj ; Weingarten, Toby N. ; Warner, Mary Ellen. / Postoperative pulmonary complications in contemporary cohort of patients with pulmonary hypertension. In: Bosnian journal of basic medical sciences. 2019 ; Vol. 19, No. 4. pp. 392-399.
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