Postnatal growth retardation exacerbates acidosis-induced retinopathy in the neonatal rat

S. Zhang, D. A. Leske, W. L. Lanier, J. M. Holmes

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Abstract

Purpose. We have previously described a metabolic acidosis-induced retinopathy in the neonatal rat, similar to retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). We also have reported exacerbation of oxygen-induced retinopathy by postnatal growth retardation, produced by raising newborn rats in "expanded" litters. In the present study, we investigated the effect of postnatal growth retardation on the incidence and severity of acidosis-induced retinopathy. Methods. 100 newborn Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to two expanded litters of 25 pups each and five standard control litters of 10 pups each. All rats were gavaged with 10 mM/kg NH4Cl twice daily from days two to seven. Following five days of recovery, retinal vasculature was assessed using ADPase staining, light microscopy, and computer-assisted image analysis. The presence of neovascularization (NV), severity of NV (clock hours), and vascularized retinal areas, were evaluated in a masked manner. Results. NV occurred in 52% of rats in expanded litters versus 18% of rats in standard control litters (p = 0.005). Postnatal growth retardation of pups in expanded litters was confirmed by comparing total body weight of pups raised in expanded and standard control litters (10.8 g vs 13.4 g on day 8, p < 0.001; 20.8 g vs 25.2 g on day 13, p = 0.002). Conclusions. Postnatal growth retardation increases the incidence of acidosis-induced retinopathy in the neonatal rat. Our study provides further evidence that postnatal growth retardation is a risk factor for preretinal neovascularization in immature retinae and is consistent with the clinical observation that the smallest and sickest premature infants are more likely to suffer from ROP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)133-139
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Eye Research
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2 2001

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Keywords

  • Ammonium chloride
  • Metabolic acidosis
  • Neovascularization
  • Retinopathy of prematurity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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