Background: The left ventricular (LV) posterior wall thickness (PWT) is a predictor of sudden cardiac death in pediatric patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), but the prognostic importance of PWT in adults has not been examined. Objectives: The goal of this study was to evaluate the association of LV PWT with late survival in adult patients undergoing septal myectomy for obstructive HCM. Methods: This single-center study reviewed 2,418 patients who underwent transaortic septal myectomy for obstructive HCM. Results: The median preoperative PWT was 13 (IQR: 11-15) mm. Patients with PWT >13 mm tended to have systemic hypertension (55.4% vs 49.1%; P = 0.002) and a larger body mass index (median: 30.8 [IQR: 27.1-35.1] kg/m2 vs 29.6 [IQR: 26.1-33.9] kg/m2; P < 0.001). Preoperatively, PWT >13 mm was associated with increased septal thickness (median: 21 [IQR: 18-24] mm vs 19 [IQR: 17-22] mm; P < 0.001), greater maximum instantaneous left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) gradient at rest (median: 67 [IQR: 36-96] mm Hg vs 47 [IQR: 19-79] mm Hg), and increased likelihood of moderate or greater mitral valve regurgitation (54.3% vs 47.3%; P = 0.001). However, PWT was not related to the severity of limitations measured by New York Heart Association functional class (P = 0.674). After adjusting for baseline covariates, greater PWT was an independent risk factor for late mortality after septal myectomy (P = 0.003). Conclusions: PWT is a newly identified predictor of reduced long-term survival after septal myectomy that is independent of septal thickness and severity of LVOT gradient. Future studies are warranted to investigate the mechanisms underlying the association and the potential usefulness of PWT in patient management.
- hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
- posterior wall thickness
- septal myectomy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine