Post-cardiac arrest mortality is declining: A study of the US national inpatient sample 2001 to 2009

Jennifer E. Fugate, Waleed Brinjikji, Jay N. Mandrekar, Harry J. Cloft, Roger D. White, Eelco F.M. Wijdicks, Alejandro A. Rabinstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

84 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background-Despite several advances in postresuscitation care over the past decade, population-based mortality rates for patients hospitalized with cardiac arrest in the United States have not been studied over this time period. The aim of this study was to determine the annual in-hospital mortality rates of patients with cardiac arrest from 2001 to 2009. Methods and Results-The US mortality rates for hospitalized patients with cardiac arrest were determined using the 2001 to 2009 US National Inpatient Sample, a national hospital discharge database. Using the International Classification of Diseases, 9 Edition, code 427.5, we identified patients hospitalized in the United States with cardiac arrest from 2001 to 2009. The main outcome measure was in-hospital mortality. A total of 1 190 860 patients were hospitalized with a diagnosis of cardiac arrest in the United States from 2001 to 2009. The in-hospital mortality rate decreased each year from 69.6% in 2001 to 57.8% in 2009. In multivariable analysis, when controlling for age, sex, race, and comorbidities, earlier year was a strong independent predictor of in-hospital death. The mortality rate declined across all analyzed subgroups, including sex, age, race, and stratification by comorbidity. Conclusions-The in-hospital mortality rate of patients hospitalized with cardiac arrest in the United States decreased by 11.8% from 2001 to 2009.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)546-550
Number of pages5
JournalCirculation
Volume126
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 31 2012

Keywords

  • arrhythmias, cardiac
  • cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  • heart arrest
  • hypothermia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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