Purpose: To evaluate both the potential causes and resultant outcomes in patients in whom subchondral insufficiency fracture of the knee (SIFK) develops after arthroscopy. Methods: We performed a retrospective review of all patients with a magnetic resonance imaging diagnosis of SIFK after arthroscopic meniscectomy and chondroplasty over a 12-year period. Results: A total of 28 patients were included, with a mean age of 61 years and mean follow-up period of 5.7 years. SIFK showed a predilection for the medial compartment (n = 25, 89%), specifically the medial femoral condyle (n = 21, 75%). In 7 patients (25%), SIFK developed in both the femoral condyle and tibial plateau in the ipsilateral compartment. Fifteen patients (54%) went on to conversion to arthroplasty at a mean of 0.72 years. The rate of survival free of conversion to arthroplasty was 57%, 45%, and 40% at 1 year, 2 years, and 5 years, respectively. Furthermore, 63% of patients with a meniscal tear and SIFK in the same compartment went on to arthroplasty (P = .04). There was an increased risk of conversion to arthroplasty if SIFK was present in both the femur and tibia in the same compartment (P = .04). A higher Kellgren-Lawrence grade at the time of the SIFK diagnosis increased the likelihood of eventual arthroplasty (P = .03). The presence of SIFK in both the femur and tibia in the ipsilateral compartment, an increased Kellgren-Lawrence grade, and a meniscal tear or prior meniscectomy in the same compartment as SIFK were associated with an increased risk of eventual arthroplasty. Conclusions: Post-arthroscopic SIFK most commonly occurs in the medial compartment, particularly in patients who underwent a prior meniscectomy. The presence of meniscal root and radial tears in these patients is notable (75%). Ultimately, there is a high rate of progression of arthrosis (33%) and eventual conversion to arthroplasty. Level of Evidence: Level IV, case series.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Arthroscopy - Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery|
|State||Published - Aug 2021|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine