Population-based analysis on the effect of nodal and distant metastases in sinonasal adenocarcinoma

Cynthia M. Chweya, Christopher M. Low, Jamie J. Van Gompel, Kathryn M. Van Abel, Janalee K. Stokken, Garret Choby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Minimal information has been reported on the effect of distant and nodal metastases at the time of diagnosis on survival in patients with sinonasal adenocarcinoma (SNAC). Methods: The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database was utilized to compare overall survival (OS) and disease-specific survival (DSS). Results: Of the 325 patients with SNAC identified, 5-year and 10-year OS for all included patients was 64% and 58%, respectively. On multivariate analysis, the presence of distant metastases (P <.0001), maxillary and frontal sinus primary tumors (P =.0042, P =.0006), and increasing age (P =.007) were risk factors for worsened DSS. The presence of regional spread to multiple cervical nodal basins (OS RR 3.26, P =.002; DSS RR 2.51, P =.013) and a single nodal basin (DSS RR 2.19, P =.046) was associated with worsened survival compared to no regional spread. Conclusion: Survival in SNAC was significantly worsened with increasing age, tumor site of origin, and distant metastatic disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)128-136
Number of pages9
JournalHead and Neck
Volume43
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2021

Keywords

  • distant metastases
  • epidemiology
  • nasal cavity
  • nodal metastases
  • paranasal sinuses
  • SEER database
  • sinonasal adenocarcinoma
  • sinonasal malignancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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