Loss-of-function CYP2C19 variants are associated with increased cumulative ischemic outcomes warranting CYP2C19 genotyping prior to clopidogrel administration. TAILOR-PCI was an international, multicenter (40 sites), prospective, randomized trial comparing rapid point of care (POC) genotype-guided vs. conventional anti-platelet therapy. The performance of buccal-based rapid CYP2C19 genotyping performed by non-laboratory-trained staff in TAILOR-PCI was assessed. Pre-trial training and evaluation involved rapid genotyping of 373 oral samples, with 99.5% (371/373) concordance with Sanger sequencing. During TAILOR-PCI, 5302 patients undergoing PCI were randomized to POC rapid CYP2C19 *2, *3, and *17 genotyping versus no genotyping. At 12 months post-PCI, TaqMan genotyping determined 99.1% (2,364/2,385) concordance with the POC results, with 90.7–98.8% sensitivity and 99.2–99.6% specificity. In conclusion, non-laboratory personnel can be successfully trained for on-site instrument operation and POC rapid genotyping with analytical accuracy and precision across multiple international centers, thereby supporting POC genotyping in patient-care settings, such as the cardiac catheterization laboratory. Clinical Trial Registration: https://www.clinicalTrials.gov (Identifier: NCT01742117).
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Dec 2022|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine