Plekha7, an apical adherens junction protein, suppresses inflammatory breast cancer in the context of high e-cadherin and p120-catenin expression

Lindy J. Pence, Antonis Kourtidis, Ryan W. Feathers, Mary T. Haddad, Sotiris Sotiriou, Paul A. Decker, Aziza Nassar, Idris T. Ocal, Sejal S. Shah, Panos Z. Anastasiadis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Inflammatory breast cancer is a highly aggressive form of breast cancer that forms clusters of tumor emboli in dermal lymphatics and readily metastasizes. These cancers express high levels of E-cadherin, the major mediator of adherens junctions, which enhances formation of tumor emboli. Previous studies suggest that E-cadherin promotes cancer when the balance between apical and basolateral cadherin complexes is disrupted. Here, we used immunohistochemistry of inflammatory breast cancer patient samples and analysis of cell lines to determine the expression of PLEKHA7, an apical adherens junction protein. We used viral transduction to re-express PLEKHA7 in inflammatory breast cancer cells and examined their aggressiveness in 2D and 3D cultures and in vivo. We determined that PLEKHA7 was deregulated in inflammatory breast cancer, demonstrating improper localization or lost expression in most patient samples and very low expression in cell lines. Re-expressing PLEKHA7 suppressed proliferation, anchorage independent growth, spheroid viability, and tumor growth in vivo. The data indicate that PLEKHA7 is frequently deregulated and acts to suppress inflammatory breast cancer. The data also promote the need for future inquiry into the imbalance between apical and basolateral cadherin complexes as driving forces in inflammatory breast cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1275
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2021

Keywords

  • Adherens junction
  • Cadherin–catenin complexes
  • Inflammatory breast cancer
  • PLEKHA7

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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