Plasma insulin-like growth factors, insulin-like binding protein-3, and outcome in metastatic colorectal cancer: Results from intergroup trial N9741

Charles S. Fuchs, Richard M. Goldberg, Daniel J. Sargent, Jeffrey A. Meyerhardt, Brian M. Wolpin, Erin M. Green, Henry C. Pitot, Michael Pollak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I and IGF-II stimulate neoplastic cell growth and inhibit apoptosis, whereas IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) inhibits the bioavailability of IGF-I and has independent proapoptotic activity. We examined the influence of baseline plasma levels of IGF-I, IGF-II, IGFBP-3, and C-peptide on outcome among patients receiving first-line chemotherapy for metastatic colorectal cancer. Experimental Design:The plasma levels of IGF-I, IGF-II, IGFBP-3, and C-peptide as well as data on prognostic factors and body size were measured at baseline among 527 patients participating in a randomized trial of first-line chemotherapy for metastatic colorectal cancer. Results: Higher baseline plasma IGFBP-3 levels were associated with a significantly greater chemotherapy response rate (P = 0.03) after adjusting for other prognostic factors, whereas neither IGF-I nor IGF-II levels significantly predicted tumor response. Higher levels of IGF-I, IGF-II, and IGFBP-3 were all univariately associated with improved overall survival (P = 0.0001 for all). In a model that mutually adjusted for IGF-I and IGFBP-3, as well as other prognostic factors, increasing baseline-circulating IGFBP-3 was associated with a significantly longer time to tumor progression (P = 0.03), whereas circulating IGF-I was not associated with disease progression (P = 0.95). Levels of C-peptide were not associated with any measure of patient outcome. Conclusion: Among colorectal cancer patients receiving first-line chemotherapy, increasing levels of IGFBP-3, an endogenous antagonist to IGF-I, are associated with an improved objective treatment response and a prolonged time to cancer progression. The IGF pathway may represent an important target for future treatment strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8263-8269
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Volume14
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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