Pituitary adenoma in Carney complex: An immunohistochemical, ultrastructural, and immunoelectron microscopic study

Ö Kurtkaya-Yapicier, B. W. Scheithauer, J. A. Carney, K. Kovacs, E. Horvath, C. A. Stratakis, S. Vidal, A. Vella, W. F. Young, J. L.D. Atkinson, R. V. Lloyd, G. Kontogeorgos

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28 Scopus citations

Abstract

First described in 1985, Carney complex is a rare, heritable disorder featuring abnormal skin pigmentation, cardiac and cutaneous myxoma, melanotic schwannoma of psammomatous type, and endocrine abnormalities, including pituitary adenomas. Patients with the latter present with elevated growth hormone (GH) levels and acromegaly or gigantism. Prolactin (PRL) elevation may also be seen. The authors have investigated 2 resected pituitary adenomas from patients with Carney complex. One, a 19-year-old female acromegalic with elevated GH, IgF-1, and PRL levels, had a mammosomatotroph adenoma immunoreactive for GH and PRL. Ultrastructurally, GH and PRL were present in the same secretory granules. The second patient, a 27-year-old acromegalic, had a sparsely granulated GH cell adenoma that by immuno-electron microscopy revealed GH immunoreactivity only. The lack of morphologic similarity between the 2 adenomas indicates that pituitary tumors in patients with Carney complex may not exhibit the same phenotype.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)345-353
Number of pages9
JournalUltrastructural Pathology
Volume26
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2002

Keywords

  • Carney complex
  • Immunoelectron microscopy
  • Pituitary adenoma
  • Ultrastructure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Structural Biology

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