Background: The combination of topotecan and cyclophosphamide is active in relapsed Ewing sarcoma family of tumors (ESFT). The feasibility of adding these agents combined with vincristine (vincristine-topotecan-cyclophosphamide [VTc]) to standard five-drug chemotherapy with vincristine-doxorubicin-cyclophosphamide (VDC) and ifosfamide-etoposide (IE) administered in an interval-compressed (2-week instead of 3-week intervals) schedule was investigated. Procedure: Newly diagnosed patients with localized ESFT < 31 years, with good performance status and adequate organ function were eligible. Seventeen alternating cycles of chemotherapy with VTc, VDC, and IE were administered at 2-week intervals. Local control (LC) of the primary tumor occurred following six cycles. Primary endpoints were the ability to deliver chemotherapy in an interval-compressed schedule, and the rate of grade 3 or greater nonhematologic toxicity and grade 4 hematologic toxicity, which delayed chemotherapy by ≥2 weeks. Secondary endpoints were event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS). Results: Thirty-five patients with a median age of 11 years were enrolled. The mean time to last dose of chemotherapy prior to LC was 12.6 ± 1.4 weeks and 45.5% of patients received intended chemotherapy without any delay prior to LC. There were no toxic deaths or unexpected toxicities. Five-year EFS was 79.6% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 61.8-89.7%) and 5-year OS was 88% (95% CI: 71.4-95.3%). Conclusions: The addition of VTc to standard therapy was tolerable with sufficient interval compression compared to historical standard 3-week cycles.
- Dose dense
- Ewing sarcoma
- Interval compression
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health