Phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate down-regulates expression of the c-kit proto-oncogene product

Y. Asano, M. A. Brach, A. Ahlers, S. De Vos, J. H. Butterfield, L. K. Ashman, P. Valent, H. J. Gruss, F. Herrmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Modulation of expression of the c-kit proto-oncogene product, the receptor for the recently indentified stem cell factor, was studied or 12-O- tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-stimulated cultures of CD34+ normal bone marrow progenitor cells, blast cells from patients with primary acute myelogenous leukemia, cells from the leukemia cell lines HEL and MO7E, as well as cultured HMC-1 mast cells. Expression of c-kit was assessed on both RNA and protein level employing standard Northern blotting, reverse transcription, and polymerase chain reaction-based Southern blotting, as well as cell surface labeling with anti-c-kit mAb YB5.B8. Treatment of virtually all cell types with nontoxic concentrations of TPA (10-9 M) for at least 48 h was associated with down-regulation of synthesis of c-kit transcripts and stem cell factor-receptor surface expression. Studies on the mechanism of action of TPA utilizing the HEL erythroleukemia line showed that TPA was primarily acting by accelerating the turnover of c-kit RNA most likely through induction of a destabilizing protein. The effect of TPA on c-kit expression levels was independent of TPA-mediated induction of differentiation since other compounds including IFN γ, vitamin D3, rednoic acid, arabinofuranosylcytosine, butyric acid, and camptothecin, which also effectively induced differentiation of HEL cells, failed to alter levels of c-kit expression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2345-2354
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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