1. Phenol sulfotransferase (PST) catalyzes the sulfate conjugation of many phenolic and catechol neurotransmitters. Human tissues contain both thermostable (TS) and thermolabile (TL) forms of PST that differ in their substrate specificities, inhibitor sensitivities, physical properties, and regulation. 2. Individual variations in the levels of activity of both TS and TL PST in the human platelet are strongly influenced by inheritance. 3. Individual differences in the level of platelet TS PST activity are correlated with individual variations in the activity of this form of the enzyme in human cerebral cortex, liver, and intestinal mucosa. 4. There are also individual familial differences in the thermal stability of TS PST in the platelet. These differences are correlated with individual variations in the thermal stability of TS PST in cerebral cortex, liver, and intestinal mucosa. 5. Individual variations in the thermal stability of TS PST in hepatic tissue are associated with the presence of one or both of a pair of TS PST isozymes that can be separated by ion-exchange chromatography and that differ in their thermal stabilities. 6. This series of observations suggests that a structural gene polymorphism may be one mechanism by which inheritance controls TS PST in humans. The isozymes of TS PST in liver may represent the products of alternative alleles for this polymorphism, alleles that might control the structure of TS PST in many human tissues.
- inheritance control
- phenol sulfotransferase
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
- Cell Biology