In this phase I/II trial, a triplet regimen of ixazomib (Ixa: 3 or 4 mg), pomalidomide (Pom: 4 mg), and dexamethasone (Dex: 40 mg) was administered to 32 lenalidomide-refractory multiple myeloma (MM) patients; 31 were evaluable for response and toxicity. At dose level 1 (DL1, 3 mg Ixa), 1/3 patients experienced grade 3 fatigue, grade 3 lung infection, grade 4 neutropenia, and grade 4 thrombocytopenia; all were considered dose-limiting. Per 3 + 3 phase I design, an additional three patients were enrolled to DL1, with no further dose-limiting toxicity (DLT). At dose level 2 (DL2, 4 mg Ixa), 1/3 patients had dose-limiting febrile neutropenia, neutropenia, and thrombocytopenia (grade 4 each). DL2 was expanded to enroll three additional patients with no further DLT, establishing the recommended phase II dose (RP2D). In phase II, 19 additional patients were treated at RP2D. With a median follow-up of 11.9 months, 48% achieved ≥ partial response (PR), with 5 patients (20%) achieving very good partial response (VGPR) and 76% experiencing ≥ stable disease. The most common adverse events (≥grade 2) were anemia, neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, and infections. Peripheral neuropathy was infrequent. In summary, Ixa/Pom/Dex is a well-tolerated and effective oral combination therapy for patients with relapsed/refractory MM.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research