Purpose: MDX-060 is a human anti-CD30 immunoglobulin (Ig) G1κ monoclonal antibody that inhibits growth of CD30-expressing tumor cells in preclinical models. To determine the safety, maximum-tolerated dose (MTD), and efficacy of MDX-060 in patients with relapsed or refractory CD30+ lymphomas, sequential phase I and II studies were performed. Patients and Methods: In the phase I portion, MDX-060 was administered intravenously at doses of 0.1, 1, 5, or 10 mg/kg weekly for 4 weeks to cohorts of three to six patients. Twenty-one patients - 16 with Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL), three with anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (ALCL), and two with CD30+ T-cell lymphoma - were enrolled. Because of the lack of a defined MTD or dose-response correlation, the phase II portion was amended to include several dose levels. In the phase II portion, an additional 51 patients, 47 with HL and four with ALCL, were treated at doses of 1, 5, 10, and 15 mg/kg. Results: MDX-060 was well tolerated, and an MTD has not been identified. Only 7% of patients experienced grade 3 or 4 treatment-related adverse events. Among the 72 patients treated, clinical responses were observed in six. Twenty-five patients had stable disease, including five who remained free from progression 1 year after treatment. Conclusion: MDX-060 was well tolerated at doses up to 15 mg/kg. MDX-060 has limited activity as a single agent, but the minimal toxicity observed and the significant proportion of patients with stable disease suggests that further study of MDX-060 in combination with other therapies is warranted.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research