Phase i trial to evaluate the addition of alisertib to fulvestrant in women with endocrine-resistant, ER+ metastatic breast cancer

Tufia C. Haddad, Antonino D’Assoro, Vera Suman, Mateusz Opyrchal, Prema Peethambaram, Minetta C. Liu, Matthew P. Goetz, James N. Ingle

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2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose In estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) breast cancer models, activation of Aurora A kinase (AURKA) is associated with downregulation of ERα expression and resistance to endocrine therapy. Alisertib is an oral selective inhibitor of AURKA. The primary objectives of this phase I trial were to determine the recommended phase II dose (RP2D) and evaluate the toxicities and clinical activity of alisertib combined with fulvestrant in patients with ER+ metastatic breast cancer (MBC). Methods In this standard 3 + 3 dose-escalation phase I study, postmenopausal patients with endocrine-resistant, ER+ MBC previously treated with endocrine therapy were assigned to one of two dose levels of alisertib (40 or 50 mg) in combination with fixed-dose fulvestrant. Results Ten patients enrolled, of which nine were evaluable for the primary endpoint. The median patient age was 59. All patients had secondary (acquired) endocrine resistance, and all had received prior aromatase inhibitor. Six had experienced disease progression on fulvestrant. There were no severe (grade 3+) toxicities reported during cycle 1 at either dose level. The median progression-free survival time was 12.4 months (95% CI 5.3–not met), and the 6-month clinical benefit rate was 77.8% (95% CI 40.0–87.2%). Conclusions In patients with endocrine-resistant, ER+ MBC, alisertib in combination with fulvestrant was well tolerated. A favorable safety profile was observed. The RP2D is 50 mg twice daily on days 1–3, 8–10, and 15–17 of a 28-day cycle with standard dose fulvestrant. Promising antitumor activity was observed, including activity among patients with prior progression on fulvestrant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)639-647
Number of pages9
JournalBreast Cancer Research and Treatment
Volume168
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 30 2018

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Keywords

  • Alisertib
  • Aurora A kinase
  • Breast cancer
  • Estrogen receptor
  • Fulvestrant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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