Purpose: The maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and the dose-limiting toxicities of EKB-569, a selective, irreversible inhibitor of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), when administered orally once daily on an intermittent-dose schedule (14 days of a 28-day cycle) or on a continuous-dose schedule (each day of a 28-day cycle), were determined in patients with advanced solid tumors. Patients and Methods: Planned dose escalation was 25, 50, 75, 125, 175, and 225 mg. Pharmacokinetic sampling was performed on days 1 and 14 for the intermittent-dose cohort and on days 1 and 15 for the continuous-dose cohort. Results: Thirty patients received a median of two cycles (range, one to 10 cycles) in the intermittent-dose cohort; 29 patients received a median of three cycles (range, one to eight cycles) in the continuous-dose cohort. Dose-limiting toxicity was grade 3 diarrhea, and the MTD was 75 mg EKB-569 per day for both cohorts. Other common toxicities included rash, nausea, and asthenia. Exposure to EKB-569 was dose proportional. At the MTD, the mean ± standard deviation terminal half-life was 21.7 ± 4.2 hours and peak concentration increased 1.2-fold from day 1 to day 14/15. No major antitumor responses were observed. However, one patient with non-small-cell lung cancer and one with cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma had stable disease for 33 and 24 weeks, respectively. Conclusion: The MTD of once-daily oral EKB-569 is 75 mg. The tolerable toxicity profile and long half-life of this irreversible EGFR inhibitor warrant its further evaluation as a single agent and in combination with other drugs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research